For three weeks in a row the Sunday Star Times ran articles and comments on the issue of the Direct Deduction Policy.
After a story on 08 July 2012 which exposed the injustice happening to retirees with overseas pensions, the deputy chief executive of the Ministry of Social Development, Iona Holsted, answered in "depth" with the ministry's stock phrases of twisted truths and blatant lies on 15 July 2012.
This caused outrage among affected pensioners and, of course, we were also appalled, resulting in a flood of letters to the editor. Therefore the Sunday Star Times decided to print letters at length on 22 July 2012 and dedicate two pages in the business section to the issue. This included a comment by editor Rob Stock and an opinion piece by Claire Dale of the University of Auckland.
Story from 08 July 2012 (2 parts)
Iona Holsted's (= deputy chief executive of the Ministry of Social Development) answer on 15.07.2012:
Link to Rob Stock's opinion piece on 22.07.2012:
"Time to address NZ Super-immigrant policy"
OPINION: MP Jacinda Ardern is correct: Parliament needs to inquire into the unlanced boil that is this country's policy of reducing NZ Super for immigrants by the amount they get in pensions built up while overseas with savings made from their own earnings.
Two weeks ago we reported that Ardern was drafting the terms of reference for a select committee inquiry into the issue, though it would require the Government to allow it to go ahead.
Anyone reading the internal 2004 Ministry of Social Development Review into the issue - a review that was never supposed to have been released - will see that an open inquiry is long overdue. Labour is not alone in thinking this. United Future and NZ First both believe the policy is unfair.
The review said in blunt terms that the policy was unsustainable. It said that people generally lost their entire overseas pension and that there was a genuine “lack of cost-sharing”. It wasn't the last review, and one gets the feeling it didn't impress ministers who didn't want to spend the money implementing fairer cost-sharing, but to me, the sheer number of reviews shows there is an issue of fairness that needs an airing in Parliament.
Under our policy, people can live in New Zealand for years and years and yet every cent of their pensions from overseas is taken to help pay for their NZ Super. That's deeply resented by other countries, who believe that New Zealand is not genuinely sharing the cost of paying for its own residents' retirements.
To their eyes, New Zealand was taking all the taxes and economic benefit from immigrants' working lives and then using pensions built up in their time overseas to reduce the costs for New Zealand using the opaquely worded section 70 of the Social Security Act. In some cases that can result in people who have lived and worked here for 20 years not getting a bean in NZ Super, so New Zealand pays no contribution to their retirement.
So unimpressed are some countries they simply refuse to pay state pensions here. The 2004 report notes that around $21 million of such payments were not coming from countries like Germany, Switzerland and the US because “our current policy settings mean these countries will not negotiate a social security agreement with us”.
The 2004 report notes that the current policy, which impacts more Kiwi Brits than any other group of immigrants, saved the Government $178m a year. That sum seems to have grown to $240m. It's big money, particularly for a government keen on getting the country back into surplus. If there is a case of injustice here, it is one that could cost a lot to fix.
The pensioners claim their savings are being raided, and that in some cases it is forcing them into penury. They consistently claim that they were told they would earn their NZ Super entitlement in full when they were considering coming here. It was only when they retired, that they found the pensions they had built up from contributions from their earnings were taken to part or fully fund their NZ Super.
They feel they were decieved. Worse still, for those who have Kiwi spouses, any surplus is taken to reduce the NZ Super of their spouse. They feel that even though they were required to save a portion of their salaries into the schemes that built the pensions, they are pensions built up with their own money, and that they are being unfairly raided. They feel it is like having a KiwiSaver nest egg used to reduce a person's NZ Super.
Just how much it might cost to "address" the issue is a tough one to estimate. There have been internally mooted suggestions with a range of price tags which would allow those receiving overseas pensions the right to keep some portion of it giving them some benefit from their past salary sacrifices.
We do not know how much extra would flow in from countries currently not willing to make payments here while each dollar is deducted from NZ Super rather than a fairer proportion. An open inquiry could provide some of this information.
Will it happen?
My gut feeling is Ardern will be rebuffed. It is expedient to ignore the issue, but as I say, there is no harm in giving people who helped build this country a fair hearing and reporting on it to the New Zealand people.
- © Fairfax NZ News
Letters to the Editor (22 July 2012)
1. NZ Pension Protest (Sissi Stein-Abel)
I admire Iona Holsted, the deputy chief of the Ministry of Social Development (MSD), for the guts to tell New Zealanders that it is right and fair to deduct contributory overseas superannuations from NZ Super. She is twisting the truth and telling only half the story.
1. The law is indeed not new but the wording has been adjusted over the years to an all-encompassing formula which allows the CEO of MSD to declare about all superannuation payments worldwide similar to NZ Super and therefore deductible. However, only eight countries and one city have tax-funded state pensions like New Zealand.
While the government/MSD claims NZ Super is paid individually, they turn a couple where one of the two receives an overseas pension into an “economic unit”, deducting the overseas pension from both partners’ added NZ Super entitlements and – in a worst case scenario – leaving a New Zealander who has never left the country with nothing!
We receive emails from suffering pensioners every week, some accumulating debt, others never being able to buy new clothes, and all of them getting sick, tired and stressed. And as good as it sounds, what would MSD do when Iona Holsted says: “There is no need for anyone to be in hardship as we work through their entitlements.” What rubbish talk! Would they suddenly not deduct a foreign pension?
2. Christopher Arnesen (Christchurch)
In attempting to justify the appropriation of overseas pensions (SST, July 15th), Iona Holsted, deputy chief executive of the Ministry of Social Development (MSD), makes one questionable claim after another. Her most misleading claim however concerns reviews of overseas pension deductions which, she alleges, were not in favor of a proportional system, and which found the direct deduction policy reasonably sound.
In early 2000, senior civil servants met Ministers of Finance and Social Development (Michael Cullen and Steve Maharey) in the newly elected Labour Government to warn them that New Zealand Super in its present form was inequitable, unstable and unsustainable. The two ministers instructed MSD to prepare a comprehensive Review of NZ Superannuation Portability for their consideration.
In all, five reviews (involving nine government departments) were prepared over the next seven years and submitted to the two ministers. The third and most important of these reviews was submitted in May 2004 but rejected by the two ministers who demanded “more modest options”. The two remaining reviews were successively watered down with the final review (2007) a virtually meaningless document amounting to little more than an appeasement for politicians anxious to avoid responsibility.
Extreme measures were taken to conceal the 2004 review from public scrutiny until the Ombudsman ordered its release. The complete 2004 review has been posted for anyone to see on the website nzpensionabuse.org with a summary under the section “The Nation Betrayed”.
Contrary to Ms Holsted's claims, this review recommends that to best resolve the problems associated with NZ Super, a proportional system should be adopted. It also asserts that a proportional sytem would adversely affect very few - although mechanisms would need to be provided to ensure that no one was disadvantaged. Significantly, these recommendations for a proportional system have the support of all government departments.
Given her position, it is inconceivable that Ms Holsted would not be fully aware of the 2004 review. It is a pity that one of our highest ranking, highest paid civil servants has chosen to mislead the public - in order to justify the plunder of retirement savings from the elderly.
3. Rosanna Leman, Auckland
As one of those who will be affected by the deduction of my private overseas pension what the minister of social development is saying is only part truth and a bit bent at that.
Some countries like Canada have a two-tiered system. That is two separate pensions. In Canada you get a government pension that is funded from general taxes, Old Age Security (OAS), that everyone is entitled to as in NZ Super. This meets the contingency rules in section 70, and I don't object to the deduction of that pension - but herein lies the rub; in Canada, if you have worked, it is also compulsory to make contributions through paycheck deductions by both the employee and the employer at 1 per cent of your paycheck to Canada Pension Plan (CPP).
This pension plan is not funded by the government, only by employee and employer contributions, and so is for all intents and purposes a private pension. If you haven't worked you don't contribute and don't receive.
CPP, even though it is administered through the government, is not funded by the public purse, so that alone disqualifies it from the section 70 rules being applied because it is not of the same contingency as the NZ Super. The fact that one can get divorced and hand part or all of that pension to an ex-spouse al qualifies this as private funds.
Agreed, it is complex because many countries have different systems; however, that doesn't excuse the fact that the NZ government consistently refuses to acknowledge the theft of private funds hiding behind a law that is loosely interpreted to allow them to treat funds like these as public.
This is a convenient cash cow robbed from those of us who have worked hard and put extra away to be a little better off in old age (not unlike KiwiSaver), and I believe that means I have funded my own pension when others have not. Some have never paid a thing. What right does the NZ government have to help itself to funds that were invested on my behalf that I and my employer contributed to?
It's an injustice. It is very telling on the NZ government that only eight countries have a reciprocal pension agreement with us when other more human-rights oriented countries like Canada have up to 30 reciprocal pension agreements in place. In this instance I feel ashamed of my country.